Procedures

A primitive procedure is a Scheme-callable procedure that is implemented in C. Primitive procedures are created in MzScheme with the function scheme_make_prim_w_arity, which takes a C function pointer, the name of the primitive, and information about the number of Scheme arguments that it takes; it returns a Scheme procedure value.

The C function implementing the procedure must take two arguments: an integer that specifies the number of arguments passed to the procedure, and an array of Scheme_Object * arguments. The number of arguments passed to the function will be checked using the arity information. (The arity information provided to scheme_make_prim_w_arity is also used for the Scheme arity procedure.) The procedure implementation is not allowed to mutate the input array of arguments, although it may mutate the arguments themselves when appropriate (e.g., a fill in a vector argument).

The function scheme_make_prim_closure_w_arity is similar to scheme_make_prim_w_arity, but it takes an additional count and Scheme_Object array that is copied into the created procedure; the procedure is passed back to the C function when the closure is invoked. In this way, closure-like data from the C world can be associated with the primitive procedure.

The function scheme_make_closed_prim_w_arity is similar to scheme_make_prim_closure_w_arity, but it uses an older calling convention for passing closure data.

To work well with MzScheme threads, a C function that performs substantial or unbounded work should occasionally call SCHEME_USE_FUEL; see section 8.2 for details.

5.1  Library Functions

¤ Scheme_Object *scheme_make_prim_w_arity(Scheme_Prim *prim, char *name,
   int mina, int maxa)

Creates a primitive procedure value, given the C function pointer prim. The form of prim is defined by:

   typedef Scheme_Object *(Scheme_Prim)(int argc, Scheme_Object **argv);

The value mina should be the minimum number of arguments that must be supplied to the procedure. The value maxa should be the maximum number of arguments that can be supplied to the procedure, or -1 if the procedure can take arbitrarily many arguments. The mina and maxa values are used for automatically checking the argument count before the primitive is invoked, and also for the Scheme arity procedure. The name argument is used to report application arity errors at run-time.

¤ Scheme_Object *scheme_make_folding_prim(Scheme_Prim *prim, char *name,
   int mina, int maxa, short folding)

Like scheme_make_prim_w_arity, but if folding is non-zero, the compiler assumes that an application of the procedure to constant values can be folded to a constant. For example, +, zero?, and string-length are folding primitives, but display and cons are not.

¤ Scheme_Object *scheme_make_prim(Scheme_Prim *prim)

Same as scheme_make_prim_w_arity, but the arity (0, -1) and the name ``UNKNOWN'' is assumed. This function is provided for backward compatibility only.

¤ Scheme_Object *scheme_make_prim_closure_w_arity(Scheme_Prim_Closure_Proc *prim,
   int c, Scheme_Object *vals,
   char *name, int mina, int maxa)

Creates a primitive procedure value that includes the c values in vals; when the C function prim is invoked, the generated primitive is passed as the last parameter. The form of prim is defined by:

   typedef Scheme_Object *(Scheme_Prim_Closure_Proc)(int argc, 
                                                     Scheme_Object **argv, 
                                                     Scheme_Object *prim);

The macro SCHEME_PRIM_CLOSURE_ELS takes a primitive-closure object and returns an array with the same length and content as vals. (3m: see section 3.1 for a caution about SCHEME_PRIM_CLOSURE_ELS.)

¤ Scheme_Object *scheme_make_closed_prim_w_arity(Scheme_Closed_Prim *prim, void *data,
   char *name, int mina, int maxa)

Creates an old-style primitive procedure value; when the C function prim is invoked, data is passed as the first parameter. The form of prim is defined by:

   typedef Scheme_Object *(Scheme_Closed_Prim)(void *data, int argc, 
                                               Scheme_Object **argv);

¤ Scheme_Object *scheme_make_closed_prim(Scheme_Closed_Prim *prim, void *data)

Creates a closed primitive procedure value without arity information. This function is provided for backward compatibility only.