In expressions within a class definition, the initialization variables, fields, and methods of the class all part of the environment. Within a method body, only the fields and other methods of the class can be referenced; a reference to any other class-introduced identifier is a syntax error. Elsewhere within the class, all class-introduced identifiers are available, and fields and initialization variables can be mutated with set!.
Method names within a class can only be used in the procedure position of an application expression; any other use is a syntax error.
To allow methods to be applied to lists of arguments, a method application can have the following form:
(method-id arg . arg-list-expr)
(send obj-expr method-id arg )
(send obj-expr method-id arg . arg-list-expr)
Evaluates obj-expr to obtain an object, and calls the method with (external) name method-id on the object, providing the arg results as arguments. Each arg is as for #%app: either arg-expr or keyword arg-expr. In the second form, arg-list-expr cannot be a parenthesized expression.
(send/apply obj-expr method-id arg arg-list-expr)
Like the dotted form of send, but arg-list-expr can be any expression.
(send* obj-expr msg )
Calls multiple methods (in order) of the same object. Each msg corresponds to a use of send.
(send* edit (begin-edit-sequence)
is the same as
(let ([o edit])
(send o begin-edit-sequence)
(send o insert "Hello")
(send o insert #\newline)
(send o end-edit-sequence))
Extracts methods from an object and binds a local name that can be applied directly (in the same way as declared methods within a class) for each method. The each obj-expr must produce an object, which must have a public method named by the corresponding method-id. The corresponding id is bound so that it can be applied directly (see Methods).
(with-method ([push (s push!)]
[pop (s pop!)])
is the same as
(send s push! 10)
(send s push! 9)
(send s pop!))
(get-field id obj-expr)
Extracts the field with (external) name id from the value of obj-expr.
(field-bound? id obj-expr)
Produces #t if the object result of obj-expr has an field with (external) name id, #f otherwise.
If obj-expr does not produce an object, the exn:fail:contract exception is raised.
(class-field-accessor class-expr field-id)
Returns an accessor procedure that takes an instance of the class produced by class-expr and returns the value of the object’s field with (external) name field-id.
(class-field-mutator class-expr field-id)
Returns a mutator procedure that takes an instance of the class produced by class-expr and a value, and sets the value of the object’s field with (external) name field-id to the given value. The result is #<void>.
(generic class-or-interface-expr id)
Produces a generic that works on instances of the class or interface produced by class-or-interface-expr (or an instance of a class/interface derived from class-or-interface) to call the method with (external) name id.
If class-or-interface-expr does not produce a class or interface, the exn:fail:contract exception is raised. If the resulting class or interface does not contain a method named id, the exn:fail:object exception is raised.
(send-generic obj-expr generic-expr arg )
(send-generic obj-expr generic-expr arg . arg-list-expr)
Calls a method of the object produced by obj-expr as indicated by the generic produced by generic-expr. Each arg is as for #%app: either arg-expr or keyword arg-expr. The second form is analogous to calling a procedure with apply, where arg-list-expr is not a parenthesized expression.
If obj-expr does not produce a object, or if generic-expr does not produce a generic, the exn:fail:contract exception is raised. If the result of obj-expr is not an instance of the class or interface encapsulated by the result of generic-expr, the exn:fail:object exception is raised.
method-name : symbol?
Like the generic form, but as a procedure that accepts a symbolic method name.