Version: 4.2.1

2.1 Simple Values

Scheme values include numbers, booleans, strings, and byte strings. In DrScheme and documentation examples (when you read the documentation in color), value expressions are shown in green.

Numbers are written in the usual way, including fractions and imaginary numbers:

Numbers (later in this guide) explains more about numbers.

  1       3.14
  1/2     6.02e+23
  1+2i    9999999999999999999999

Booleans are #t for true and #f for false. In conditionals, however, all non-#f values are treated as true.

Booleans (later in this guide) explains more about booleans.

Strings are written between doublequotes. Within a string, backslash is an escaping character; for example, a backslash followed by a doublequote includes a literal doublequote in the string. Except for an unescaped doublequote or backslash, any Unicode character can appear in a string constant.

Strings (Unicode) (later in this guide) explains more about strings.

  "Hello, world!"
  "Benjamin \"Bugsy\" Siegel"
  "λx:(μα.α→α).xx"

When a constant is evaluated in the REPL, it typically prints the same as its input syntax. In some cases, the printed form is a normalized version of the input syntax. In documentation and in DrScheme’s REPL, results are printed in blue instead of green to highlight the difference between an input expression and a printed result.

Examples:

  > 1.0000

  1.0

  > "Bugs \u0022Figaro\u0022 Bunny"

  "Bugs \"Figaro\" Bunny"