The left end of the row of buttons in DrScheme contains a miniature button with the current file’s name. Clicking the button opens a menu that shows the file’s full pathname. Selecting one of the menu entries produces an open-file dialog starting in the corresponding directory.
Below the filename button is a (define ...) button for a popup menu of names that are defined in the definitions window. Selecting an item from the menu moves the blinking caret to the corresponding definition.
The Save button appears whenever the definitions window is modified. Clicking the button saves the contents of the definitions window to a file. The current name of the file appears to the left of the Save button, but a file-selection dialog appears if the file has never been saved before.
The Step button – which appears only for the How to Design Programs teaching languages Beginning Student through Intermediate Student with Lambda – starts the Stepper, which shows the evaluation of a program as a series of small steps. Each evaluation step replaces an expression in the program with an equivalent one using the evaluation rules of DrScheme. For example, a step might replace (+ 1 2) with 3. These are the same rules used by DrScheme to evaluate a program. Clicking Step opens a new window that contains the program from the definitions window, plus several new buttons: these buttons allow navigation of the evaluation as a series of steps.
The debugging interface is described further in Graphical Debugging Interface, later in this manual.
The Debug button – which does not appear for the How to Design Programs teaching languages – starts a more conventional stepping debugger. It runs the program in the definitions window like the Run button, but also opens a debugging panel with several other buttons that provide control over the program’s execution.
Syntactic Highlighting: Imported variables and locally defined variables are highlighted with color changes. Documented identifiers are hyperlinked (via a right-click) to the documentation page.
Lexical Structure: The lexical structure is shown with arrows overlaid on the program text. When the mouse cursor passes over a variable, DrScheme draws an arrow from the binding location to the variable, or from the binding location to every bound occurrence of the variable.
In addition to indicating definite references with blue arrows, DrScheme also draws arrows to indicate potential references within macro definitions. Potential arrows are drawn in purple and annotated with a question mark to indicate uncertainty, because DrScheme cannot predict how such identifiers will eventually be used. Their roles may depend on the arguments to the macro and the context the macro is used in.
Additionally, right-clicking (or Control-clicking under Mac OS X) on a variable activates a popup menu that lets you jump from binding location to bound location and vice-versa, α-rename the variable, or tack the arrows so they do not disappear.
Tail Calls: Any sub-expression that is (syntactically) in tail-position with respect to its enclosing context is annotated by drawing a light purple arrow from the tail expression to its surrounding expression.
Passing the mouse cursor over a require expression inside a module shows all of the variables that are used from that require expression. Additionally, if no variables are used from that require expression, it is colored like an unbound variable.
Finally, passing the mouse cursor over a variable that is imported from a module shows the module that it is imported from in a status line at the bottom of the frame.
The Break button interrupts an evaluation, or beeps if DrScheme is not evaluating anything. For example, after clicking Run or entering an expression into the interactions window, click Break to cancel the evaluation. Click the Break button once to try to interrupt the evaluation gracefully; click the button twice to kill the evaluation immediately.