On this page:
namespace?
make-empty-namespace
make-base-empty-namespace
make-base-namespace
define-namespace-anchor
namespace-anchor?
namespace-anchor->empty-namespace
namespace-anchor->namespace
current-namespace
namespace-symbol->identifier
namespace-base-phase
namespace-module-identifier
namespace-variable-value
namespace-set-variable-value!
namespace-undefine-variable!
namespace-mapped-symbols
namespace-require
namespace-require/ copy
namespace-require/ constant
namespace-require/ expansion-time
namespace-attach-module
namespace-unprotect-module
namespace-module-registry
module->namespace
namespace-syntax-introduce
module-provide-protected?
variable-reference?
variable-reference->empty-namespace
variable-reference->namespace
variable-reference->resolved-module-path
variable-reference->phase

13.1 Namespaces

See Namespaces for basic information on the namespace model.

A new namespace is created with procedures like make-empty-namespace, and make-base-namespace, which return a first-class namespace value. A namespace is used by setting the current-namespace parameter value, or by providing the namespace to procedures such as eval and eval-syntax.

(namespace? v)  boolean?
  v : any/c
Returns #t if v is a namespace value, #f otherwise.

Creates a new namespace that is empty, and whose module registry contains no mappings. The namespace’s base phase is the same as the base phase of the current namespace. Attach modules from an existing namespace to the new one with namespace-attach-module.

Creates a new empty namespace, but with scheme/base attached. The namespace’s base phase is the same as the phase in which the make-base-empty-namespace function was created.

Creates a new namespace with scheme/base attached and required into the top-level environment. The namespace’s base phase is the same as the phase in which the make-base-namespace function was created.

Binds id to a namespace anchor that can be used with namespace-anchor->empty-namespace and namespace-anchor->namespace.

This form can be used only in a top-level context or in a module-context.

(namespace-anchor? v)  boolean?
  v : any/c
Returns #t if v is a namespace-anchor value, #f otherwise.

Returns an empty namespace that shares a module registry with the source of the anchor, and whose base phase the phase in which the anchor was created.

If the anchor is from a define-namespace-anchor form in a module context, then the source is the namespace in which the containing module is instantiated. If the anchor is from a define-namespace-anchor form in a top-level content, then the source is the namespace in which the anchor definition was evaluated.

Returns a namespace corresponding to the source of the anchor.

If the anchor is from a define-namespace-anchor form in a module context, then the result is a namespace for the module’s body in the anchor’s phase. The result is the same as a namespace obtained via module->namespace.

If the anchor is from a define-namespace-anchor form in a top-level content, then the result is the namespace in which the anchor definition was evaluated.

A parameter that determines the current namespace.

Similar to datum->syntax restricted to symbols. The lexical information of the resulting identifier corresponds to the top-level environment of the current namespace; the identifier has no source location or properties.

(namespace-base-phase [namespace])  exact-integer?
  namespace : namespace? = (current-namespace)
Returns the base phase of namespace.

Returns an identifier whose binding is module in the base phase of where if it is a namespace, or in the where phase level otherwise.

The lexical information of the identifier includes bindings (in the same phase level) for all syntactic forms that appear in fully expanded code (see Fully Expanded Programs), but using the name reported by the second element of identifier-binding for the binding; the lexical information may also include other bindings.

(namespace-variable-value sym    
  [use-mapping?    
  failure-thunk    
  namespace])  any
  sym : symbol?
  use-mapping? : any/c = #t
  failure-thunk : (or/c (-> any) #f) = #f
  namespace : namespace? = (current-namespace)
Returns a value for sym in namespace, using namespace’s base phase. The returned value depends on use-mapping?:

If failure-thunk is not #f, namespace-variable-value calls failure-thunk to produce the return value in place of raising an exn:fail:contract:variable or exn:fail:syntax exception.

(namespace-set-variable-value! sym    
  v    
  [map?    
  namespace])  void?
  sym : symbol?
  v : any/c
  map? : any/c = #f
  namespace : namespace? = (current-namespace)
Sets the value of sym in the top-level environment of namespace in the base phase, defining sym if it is not already defined.

If map? is supplied as true, then the namespace’s identifier mapping is also adjusted (see Namespaces) in the phase level corresponding to the base phase, so that sym maps to the variable.

(namespace-undefine-variable! sym    
  [namespace])  void?
  sym : symbol?
  namespace : namespace? = (current-namespace)
Removes the sym variable, if any, in the top-level environment of namespace in its base phase. The namespace’s identifier mapping (see Namespaces) is unaffected.

(namespace-mapped-symbols [namespace])  (listof symbol?)
  namespace : namespace? = (current-namespace)
Returns a list of all symbols that are mapped to variables, syntax, and imports in namespace for the phase level corresponding to the namespace’s base phase.

(namespace-require quoted-raw-require-spec)  void?
  quoted-raw-require-spec : any/c
Performs the import corresponding to quoted-raw-require-spec in the top-level environment of the current namespace, like a top-level #%require. The quoted-raw-require-spec argument must be a datum that corresponds to a quoted raw-require-spec for #%require, which includes module paths.

Module paths in quoted-raw-require-spec are resolved with respect to current-load-relative-directory or current-directory (if the former is #f), even if the current namespace corresponds to a module body.

(namespace-require/copy quoted-raw-require-spec)  void?
  quoted-raw-require-spec : any/c
Like namespace-require for syntax exported from the module, but exported variables at the namespace’s base phase are treated differently: the export’s current value is copied to a top-level variable in the current namespace.

(namespace-require/constant quoted-raw-require-spec)  void?
  quoted-raw-require-spec : any/c
Like namespace-require, but for each exported variable at the namespace’s base phase, the export’s value is copied to a corresponding top-level variable that is made immutable. Despite setting the top-level variable, the corresponding identifier is bound as imported.

(namespace-require/expansion-time quoted-raw-require-spec)
  void?
  quoted-raw-require-spec : any/c
Like namespace-require, but only the transformer part of the module is executed relative to the namespace’s base phase; that is, the module is merely visited, and not instantiated (see Module Phases and Visits). If the required module has not been instantiated before, the module’s variables remain undefined.

(namespace-attach-module src-namespace    
  modname    
  [dest-namespace])  any
  src-namespace : namespace?
  modname : module-path?
  dest-namespace : namespace? = (current-namespace)
Attaches the instantiated module named by modname in src-namespace (at its base phase) to the module registry of dest-namespace. If modname is not a symbol, the current module name resolver is called to resolve the path, but no module is loaded; the resolved form of modname is used as the module name in dest-namespace. In addition to modname, every module that it imports (directly or indirectly) is also recorded in the current namespace’s module registry, and instances at the same phase or lower are also attached to dest-namespace (while visits at the module’s phase and instances at higher phases are not attached, nor even made available for on-demand visits). The inspector of the module invocation in dest-namespace is the same as inspector of the invocation in src-namespace.

If modname does not refer to an instantiated module in src-namespace, or if the name of any module to be attached already has a different declaration or same-phase instance in dest-namespace, then the exn:fail:contract exception is raised.

If src-namespace and dest-namespace do not have the same base phase, then the exn:fail:contract exception is raised.

(namespace-unprotect-module inspector    
  modname    
  [namespace])  void?
  inspector : inspector?
  modname : module-path?
  namespace : namespace? = (current-namespace)
Changes the inspector for the instance of the module referenced by modname in namespace’s module registry so that it is controlled by the current code inspector. The given inspector must currently control the invocation of the module in namespace’s module registry, otherwise the exn:fail:contract exception is raised. See also Code Inspectors.

(namespace-module-registry namespace)  any
  namespace : namespace?
Returns the module registry of the given namespace. This value is useful only for identification via eq?.

(module->namespace modname)  namespace?
  modname : module-path?
Returns a namespace that corresponds to the body of an instantiated module in the current namespace’s module registry and in the current namespace’s base phase, making the module at the available for on-demand visits at the namespace’s base phase. The returned namespace has the same module registry as the current namespace. Modifying a binding in the namespace changes the binding seen in modules that require the namespace’s module.

Module paths in a top-level require expression are resolved with respect to the namespace’s module. New provide declarations are not allowed.

If the current code inspector does not control the invocation of the module in the current namespace’s module registry, the exn:fail:contract exception is raised; see also Code Inspectors.

Bindings in the namespace cannot be modified if the compile-enforce-module-constants parameter was true when the module was declared, unless the module declaration itself included assignments to the binding via set!.

(namespace-syntax-introduce stx)  syntax-object?
  stx : syntax-object?
Returns a syntax object like stx, except that the current namespace’s bindings are included in the syntax object’s lexical information (see Syntax Objects). The additional context is overridden by any existing top-level bindings in the syntax object’s lexical information, or by any existing or future module bindings in the lexical information.

(module-provide-protected? module-path-index    
  sym)  boolean?
  module-path-index : (or/c symbol? module-path-index?)
  sym : symbol?
Returns #f if the module declaration for module-path-index defines sym and exports it unprotected, #t otherwise (which may mean that the symbol corresponds to an unexported definition, a protected export, or an identifier that is not defined at all within the module).

The module-path-index argument can be a symbol; see Compiled Modules and References for more information on module path indices.

Typically, the arguments to module-provide-protected? correspond to the first two elements of a list produced by identifier-binding.

(variable-reference? v)  boolean?
  v : any/c
Return #t if v is a variable reference produced by #%variable-reference, #f otherwise.

Returns an empty namespace that shares module declarations and instances with the namespace in which varref is instantiated, and with the same phase as varref.

If varref refers to a module-level variable, then the result is a namespace for the module’s body in the referenced variable’s phase; the result is the same as a namespace obtained via module->namespace.

If varref refers to a top-level variable, then the result is the namespace in which the referenced variable is defined.

If varref refers to a module-level variable, the result is a resolved module path naming the module.

If varref refers to a top-level variable, then the result is #f.

Returns the phase of the variable referenced by varref.